Thursday, December 17, 2009

Salam Maal Hijrah 1431H

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Salam Maal Hijrah 1431H

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Source: Wikipedia

The Islamic New Year also known as 'Maal Hijrah', is a cultural event which Muslims observe on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. Many Muslims use the day to remember the significance of this month, and the Hijra, or migration, Islamic prophet Muhammad made it to the city now known as Medina.

Recently, in many areas of Muslim population, people have begun exchanging cards and gifts on this day, though this is not commonly done. For Shia Muslims, Muharram is the month grief and sorrow because they mourn the death of Imam Hussain and his companions on the day of Ashura.

Ras as-Sana (Arabic: رأس السنة ) is the Islamic celebration of the new Hijri year. The term is similarly used in the Arabic language to mark the start of the new Gregorian year. The word literally means "Head of the year," and is cognate to the Hebrew term Rosh Hashanah.

Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Muharram migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start dates for Muharram are as follows (all future dates are estimates and depend on sightings of the new moon), though strictly speaking the month starts at sunset on previous day:

  • 1410 AH: 2 August 1989
  • 1411 AH: 23 July 1990
  • 1412 AH: 12 July 1991
  • 1413 AH: 1 July 1992
  • 1414 AH: 20 June 1993
  • 1415 AH: 10 June 1994
  • 1416 AH: 30 May 1995
  • 1417 AH: 19 May 1996
  • 1418 AH: 8 May 1997
  • 1419 AH: 28 April 1998
  • 1420 AH: 17 April 1999
  • 1421 AH: 5 April 2000
  • 1422 AH: 26 March 2001
  • 1423 AH: 15 March 2002
  • 1424 AH: 4 March 2003
  • 1425 AH: 22 February 2004
  • 1426 AH: 10 February 2005
  • 1427 AH: 31 January 2006
  • 1428 AH: 20 January 2007
  • 1429 AH: 10 January 2008
  • 1430 AH: 29 December 2008
  • 1431 AH: 18 December 2009
  • 1432 AH: 7 December 2010
  • 1433 AH: 26 November 2011
  • 1434 AH: 15 November 2012
  • 1435 AH: 4 November 2013

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